Sonography Centre in Mumbai

Sonography is a diagnostic medical procedure that produces images of the body’s tissues, glands, organs, and blood or fluid flow using high-frequency sound waves, also known as ultrasound waves. Another name for this examination is an ultrasound or sonogram.

Sonography sends ultrasonic waves onto the skin’s surface and detects the echo using a device known as a transducer. The ultrasonic waves are converted into an image by a computer. A skilled technician can make out, measure, and recognize the structures in the picture. Then, in order to assist in diagnosing the issue or problem at hand, a healthcare professional reads the images.

This article describes sonography’s uses and constraints. This post also discusses what to anticipate both before and during the test, which helps to demystify it.

Objective of the Examination

A sonogram shows a real-time picture of internal organ function. It works similarly to a camera, capturing real-time images of various body parts or processes.

The size, shape, and density of tissues can be assessed using sonography to aid in the diagnosis of specific medical conditions. Ultrasound imaging is a great way to look inside the abdomen without making an incision.

 Ultrasound of the abdomen is frequently used to diagnose

● Gallbladder disease or gallstones
● Kidney stones or kidney disease
● Liver disease
● Appendicitis
● Ovarian cysts
● Ectopic pregnancy
● Uterine growths or fibroids and other conditions


The most common use of a sonogram is to track the fetus’s and the uterus’s development during pregnancy. In addition, it can be used to guide needles during biopsies or to assess glands, breast lumps, joint issues, bone disease, and testicular lumps.

Moreover, blood or fluid flow that moves in the transducer’s direction or away from it can be detected by sonography. It indicates the flow direction on the image by applying color overlays. Sonograms cannot show images of very hard, dense tissues or empty spaces, such as gas-filled organs, because they do not conduct ultrasound waves.


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses an incredibly powerful magnet to capture images. The use of an MRI magnet in patients with metal or devices in their bodies, such as certain pacemakers, may be limited due to its strength.

Precautions and Risks

A sonogram is a non-invasive imaging technique with no known risks. Ultrasounds are thought to be safe.

While the energy of the ultrasound waves may irritate or disrupt tissues after prolonged exposure, the computer controls the power of the sound. Furthermore, a trained technician uses techniques to reduce exposure times and angles, making sonography the most secure imaging test.

Throughout the Test

A sonogram is performed by a single technician at the bedside. The technician will ask you to undress enough to expose the area where the test will be performed before lying down on the bed.

The technician will apply conductive gel to the transducer, which feels similar to lubricant jelly. If possible, and depending on the tools and supplies available, the gel will be warm. The technician will then slide the transducer over the skin, occasionally applying firm pressure. Occasionally, the pressure may cause minor discomfort.

Using the transducer to point to areas of interest, the technician will use the computer to capture images and possibly a mouse to drag lines across the screen. The lines function as a virtual yardstick for measuring size. You should be able to observe the entire procedure and even ask questions along the way.


When the sonogram is completed, the technician will usually provide a towel to remove the conductive gel. After the technician confirms that all of the necessary images have been captured, you will be able to dress. There are no special instructions or side effects to deal with.

How is an ultrasound used during pregnancy?

Interpreting the Results

A radiologist can often interpret a sonogram in a matter of minutes. Sonogram results are typically sent to a healthcare provider who then shares them with the patient. So, if you have not heard from your provider within the promised time frame, make sure to follow up.

If necessary, you may request a copy of the radiologist’s report as well as a disc containing the original images. For many expecting parents, this makes the entire journey worthwhile.


A sonogram is used to assess, diagnose, and treat a variety of medical conditions, including lumps and kidney stones. Its most common application is to monitor the development of a fetus and hear its heartbeat while pregnant.

A sonogram captures a live image and is both painless and quick. A sonogram can often be completed in less than 30 minutes.

Follow your provider’s instructions on what to eat and drink before the test, and dress comfortably; the test will most likely be over before you have time to fully relax.

Sonography Centre in Mumbai